Breaking anything down into its constituent parts, inspecting each one, and noting how they fit together is the definition of analysis.
Arguing is the process of reaching a conclusion by making a sequence of statements that are logically connected and supported by evidence.
Classifying is the process of defining the many types or groupings of something and demonstrating how each category differs from the others.
Comparing two or more subjects involves highlighting the similarities and contrasts between them.
Denotation, connotation, example, etymology, synonyms, and antonyms are all used to define a term’s meaning.
Describing anything is explaining its characteristics, such as size, shape, weight, colour, use, origin, value, condition, and location.